Understanding Animal Migration in Africa: Why It Happens and How to Witness It

Animal migration is one of nature’s most awe-inspiring events, and Africa is home to some of the most spectacular migrations in the world. Every year, millions of wildebeest, zebras, and gazelles journey across the savannas of East Africa in search of food and water. In this blog post, we’ll take a closer look at animal migration in Africa, why it happens, and how you can witness this incredible natural phenomenon.

Why Do Animals Migrate to Africa?

Animal migration is a survival strategy that has evolved over millions of years. Many animals migrate to follow the seasonal patterns of food and water availability. In Africa, the rainy season brings lush green grasses, which provide essential nutrients for herbivores. As the dry season approaches, these grasses wither and die, making it harder for animals to find food and water. Migration provides a way for animals to find new sources of food and water.

The Great Migration of East Africa is one of the most famous animal migrations in the world. Every year, around 1.5 million wildebeest, 200,000 zebras, and 350,000 gazelles make the journey from Tanzania’s Serengeti National Park to Kenya’s Maasai Mara Reserve. This migration is a response to the changing patterns of rainfall in the region.

How Can You Witness Animal Migration in Africa?

Witnessing animal migration in Africa is an incredible experience that should be on every wildlife lover’s bucket list. The best time to witness the Great Migration is between July and October when the wildebeest cross the Mara River. During this time, many lodges and camps in the Maasai Mara and Serengeti offer game drives and hot air balloon safaris to witness the migration.

In addition to the Great Migration, there are many other opportunities to witness animal migration in Africa. In Botswana’s Okavango Delta, large herds of elephants migrate to the region during the dry season in search of water. In South Africa’s Kruger National Park, large herds of zebras and antelopes migrate across the plains during the dry season.


Animal migration is an incredible natural phenomenon that occurs all over the world, but Africa is home to some of the most spectacular migrations on the planet. Migration is a survival strategy that allows animals to find new sources of food and water as the seasons change. Witnessing animal migration in Africa is an unforgettable experience that every wildlife lover should have. Whether you’re watching the Great Migration in the Maasai Mara or witnessing the elephant migration in Botswana’s Okavango Delta, there’s no shortage of opportunities to witness this incredible natural event.

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